In Pakistan there are people of different religions, majority of which are Muslims as Islam is its state religion with name “Islamic Republic of Pakistan”. People belonging to Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, Ahmadi and some other religions are living in Pakistan. Last census of Pakistan was made in 1998, although still next census is pending. The right estimates of the people of different religion can’t be taken into account without proper census, but from different surveys and reports population of Pakistan by religion can be estimated. These surveys have been carried by different firms and organizations by different techniques.
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The following religions are found in Pakistan:
People belonging to Islam are called Muslims. These are the followers of last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW). There are about 95-98% Muslims of total population of Pakistan(about 191.71 million). The Muslims then have different sects among them including Sunni, Shia. Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims are then further divided in sub-sects. They are living all over the Pakistan.
People belonging to Hinduism are called Hindus. They are almost 1.6% of the total population of Pakistan. Most of Hindus are living in Sindh province about 93%, 8% in Punjab and 2% in Baluchistan of total population of Hindus in Pakistan. Very small number of Hindus are also living in other parts of Pakistan.
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People belonging to the Christianity are called Christians. They are making almost 1.5-1.59% of the total population of Pakistan. Most of the Christians are living in Punjab. A significant figure of Christians are in province of Sindh specially in Karachi. A very small fraction is found in few others parts of the country.
Ahmadiyya community is making up almost 0.25% of the population of Pakistan. They were declared non-Muslims in 1974 by the parliament of Pakistan as they don’t fulfill the definition of being Muslim.
The followers of Sikhism are not too much in Pakistan nearly about 20,000 to 25,000. Although their population is increased as number of Sikhs have migrated from Afghanistan to Pakistan in recent years. In Nankana Sahib near Lahore the Shrine of “Guru Nanak Dev”, where Sikhs visit from all over the world.
There are many other religions in Pakistan making very small fraction of population of Pakistan including Buddhism, Judaism, Kalash, Zaroastrianism and Bahá’i.